Effect of Infertility In Marriage
From early generations to contemporary times, infertility is a problem that constantly presses individuals at all times. Infertility is a medical and social crisis that happens in nearly everyone in spite of economic and social status, age, religion, skin color, and race. As far as medical science is concerned, infertility is a disease that affects the reproductive system. Infertility on one side can cause severe trauma to the psychological and emotional well-being of men and women.
Couples feel all happier when the news of pregnancy hits them. They feel almost perfect just with the thought that their beloved child is on their way. Husbands seem to be more careful and love their wives more. On the other hand, pregnant women are more health conscious because they want to ensure that their babies will be healthy.
The moment of truth now lies in the ability of the couple to get pregnant. Both partners may appear normal and health wise. But there are still millions of cases where fertility seems far out of reach for many married people.
Some women are blessed with pregnant gifts without interruption while there are people who face trauma and many other difficulties to get pregnant. Women who are not easily pregnant must face the fact that there are many factors that can cause difficulties in their fertility. Among many reasons are physical condition, age, and stress.
Do you experience difficulties in pregnancy? Have you tried all methods but your efforts have remained in vain? It may have been several years since you tried to get pregnant but then there were no positive results that greeted you both. Now you must accept the agreement by understanding the truth that all women are different. But to make it easier for you, the medical community provides the tools needed for you to take a fertility test.
Type of Fertility Test
Fertility tests allow you to find out the reason why you find it difficult to get pregnant. You can consult your most trusted fertility specialist for this problem. Hormone Testing. Various blood tests carried out at various times are needed for hormone testing. These tests are mainly for detecting normal hormone production.
The test, therefore, evaluates the amount of progesterone you have and if you will be able to maintain the pregnancy. One of the blood tests done is to verify your prolactin levels. This is a hormone that produces breast milk. Another fertility test is to check how your thyroid functions.
Ovulation Test. For this process, your obstetrician will check the regularity of your menstrual cycle. The tool that will be used is called the ovulation prediction kit.
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Culture. It is very important to carry out this test in order to detect the possibility of the presence of these viruses which might be the cause of infertility. They can be prevented but then the detection is difficult.
Sperm Analysis. This test is necessary in order to see the quality and number of sperm.
Fertility tests are one way to help your doctor detect where the problem is. Pregnancy may occur when an error in your body’s system is correct.
What is infertility?
The term infertility refers to an abnormal inability to produce children by natural means of fertilization. This also refers to the inability of a woman to undergo the entire pregnancy process. Some couples around the world try hard to conceive children, however, some find extreme difficulties in doing so and thus need a fertility test to be successful. About 20 percent of people in reproductive age are infertile according to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, one-third of these cases affect women, another third affects men, and 15 percent affects both partners.
Theoretically, couples are regarded unproductive if they cannot give birth to children within six months of unprotected sexual intercourse (or 12 months if the woman is over 35 years old), according to INCIID (International Council for Dissemination of Information on Infertility). There are many reasons why this can happen. Such factors can affect men or women, or both partners.
Causes of Male Sterility
There are quite a few issues that can cause male infertility. A common cause is a problem with sperm production. Infertile men may produce very little sperm cells or very weak/immovable sperm cells. A man can also affect by underlying diseases or medical conditions such as endocrine problems, diabetes, Kallmann’s syndrome, hypogonadism, hyperprolactinemia, drugs, and alcohol-related problems, which inhibit the production of hormones needed for sperm production.
Some men may have problems with their own reproductive organs. These situations include testicular trauma, mumps, idiopathic failure, seminoma, varicocele, hydrocele, cryptorchidism, and the like. This condition has a direct effect on the testis itself, which is the organ responsible for sperm production.
Some men may able to produce healthy and abundant sperm cells but have problems releasing them for proper sexual intercourse. They may have an obstruction in the vas deferens (a tube that connects the testis to the penis), infection, retrograde ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and hypospadias. This stops the transport of sperm to the female reproductive system.
Causes of female Sterility
As opposed to the causes of male infertility, women may have problems with the production of healthy eggs. They may have problems in their ovaries such as polycystic ovary syndrome, luteal dysfunction, reduced ovarian reserves, Turner syndrome, anovulation, ovarian neoplasms, and early menopause, which inhibits healthy maturation and proper egg release.
A woman can also be infected by other conditions that affect her reproductive health. Among these conditions include diabetes mellitus, adrenal disease, liver disease, kidney damage, thyroid disorders, and psychological problems.
A woman may also have problems with certain glands that produce hormones that are needed for reproduction. Among these diseases include Kallmann’s syndrome, hypothalamic dysfunction, hypopituitarism, and hyperprolactinemia.
Some difficulties will also have an influence on the cervix, making it hard for sperm to reach the egg. Such problems include anti-sperm antibodies, cervical stenosis, and insufficient mucus secretion for sperm travel.
The uterus or uterus itself may not be conducive to containing a child. There may be uterine malformations, leiomyomas or uterine fibroids, and Asherman Syndrome.
Infertility is a difficult problem. Fortunately, the magic of medical science has produced several treatments for male and female infertility. To find out more about them, one can consult a fertility test clinic, gynecologist or urologist.
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Infertility: A Source of Marriage Conflict
Adewale and Omolola are seen by their friends as perfect partners. They started as middle school lovers and were even chosen as Kings and Queen of Hearts during their senior prom night. Their sweet and innocent relationship in high school became more serious as time passed. They married immediately after completing college.
The first few months of marriage are only happiness. The couple lived in a proverbial paradise on earth when they enjoyed being together with each other as newlyweds. People often see them go hand in hand as they walk along the beach. They still date frequently in theaters as they used to in high school.
However, in the third year of their marriage, everything slowly began to change. Friends and family began to wonder why, after three years of marriage, the couple was still without children. Shortly thereafter, Adewale and Omolola also began to feel the pressure and frustration of not having children who could be called their own children. Empty nests begin to affect their romance when feelings of incompleteness begin to seep.
Immediately after, Omolola began to show signs of obsession to get pregnant. Ironically, her desire to have a baby caused a rift between her and her husband. Depression caused a dark cloud in their relationship when Omolola developed a strong feeling of inadequacy because she was unable to get pregnant after several years of marriage.
Adewale also has to wrestle with stress and her own anxiety about not having children. He often feels embarrassed because he doesn’t have a story about his own child every time his friends open the topic of marriage and family during their regular meetings.
The couple also found family reunions and other events with relatives quite awkward. The couple will often be surrounded by children from their relatives and relatives, all the time wondering if they will ever have their own children. Adewale and Omolola always have to avoid questions about the fact that they are still without children.
The worst thing that happened to Adewale and Omolola relationship was that they slowly started blaming each other. Stress and anxiety in their relationship almost take their marriage time. Far from the wonderful relationship they had when they first started as newlyweds, the couple began to have more and more quarrels.
A caring friend gathered enough courage to ask the couple to consider going for a fertility test. Friends of the couple also advise them to see a doctor who specializes in fertility problems. Fortunately, the couple decided to follow their friend’s advice. After a series of fertility tests, the doctor told Omolola and Adewale that she was very capable of conceiving children. Doctors also advise Adewale to get more sleep and rest which will help increase sperm count.
Just like Adewale and Omolola, many couples experience problems with infertility. In fact, in the Federal Republic of Nigeria alone, an estimated three million couples face the challenge of infertility every year. About 10 percent of all married couples in Nigeria struggle with the problem of not having children, a situation that causes emotional problems and also relationship problems.
Infertility is defined by a doctor as a condition when a partner fails to achieve a pregnancy after one year of regular and unprotected sex. In ideal circumstances, the probability that a woman will become pregnant during a single menstrual cycle is only around 30%.
In most cases, infertility can cause by a combination of factors that prevent conception. Based on recent research, infertility affects one in 25 Nigerian men. Infertility cases in men may cause by low sperm counts or poor sperm quality. In most industrialized countries such as the US, sperm counts are estimated to decline due to increased workloads; and busy lifestyles of the male population.
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Sterility And Adoption
For many couples, adoption may be the only choice for having children. Sometimes people go years trying to get pregnant just to find out there are some medical problems that stop them.
This can cause men or women who have reproductive problems. This can destroy couples who really want to have children.
Fortunately, adoption is a good and beneficial alternative for two parties. The adoptive parents finally get the child they always want and the child gets a lot of parents who will love and care for them.
There are many types of adoption that one can consider. Open adoption allows biological parents and sometimes family members to have multiple levels of contact.
Closed adoption keeps secrets of biological parents so there is little chance to meet them. There are also various open adoption rates.
Some open adoptions send occasional pictures to third parties and some allow visits. This is something to consider but you have to do whatever makes you most comfortable.
Adopting a child from abroad allows a child from a disadvantaged country to have a better life, but can experience difficulties.
If the child is of a different race from your race, there may be some confusion and a lot of explanation as the child grows older.
Furthermore, If you find out that your partner is infertile, adoption remains one of the best choices out there. If you know in your heart that you are going to be a great parent, it is a gift that cannot be wasted.
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Male Fertility Booster and Solution for Women's Fertility
Contrary to popular belief, daily sex can increase the chances of couples trying to get pregnant. It is common knowledge for couples with fertility problems not to have sex for several days to increase sperm production before trying to get pregnant.
However, during a recent American Society for Reproductive Medicine conference, a team of experts from the University of Sydney revealed that abstinence can lead to worse sperm quality. At least one expert in the UK agreed that daily sexual relations might be better for men’s sexual health with damaged sperm.
The team from Australia studied 42 men whose damaged sperm turned out to be abnormally shaped on examination under a microscope. These people are told to ejaculate every day for 7 consecutive days, and the samples are compared to those taken from them after 3 days of abstinence. Nearly all but 5 men had less sperm damage in their daily sample compared to the post-abstention sample.
Although not having sexual intercourse can increase sperm count, there is an exchange between quality and quantity. According to Dr. Allan Pacey, secretary of the British Fertility Society: This study shows that when you put people in a daily ejaculation regime, it reduces the rate of DNA damage. If you can switch from 30% to 20%, that’s a pretty big change and that should have some implications for fertility.
I remember one couple where the woman would only let the man ejaculate when he was in his fertile period; so the poor man left without for nearly a month at a time, he said.
For couples who initially try to get pregnant, intervals of 2 to 3 days can be recommended, while men with high DNA damage and average sperm counts should try more often.
On the other hand, hormone injections can treat some cases of infertility. A team of scientists at Hammersmith London Hospital revealed that injections of the kisspeptin hormone stimulate the release of hormones that control menstrual periods. Identified as a genetic switch that activates puberty, humans who lack the kisspeptin hormone can remain sexually immature.
Experts from the Hammersmith Hospital team experimented on the effects of hormones on female ovulation. To check its safety, six healthy female volunteers were injected with a small dose of kisspeptin and the effect was monitored. This results in an increase in circulating luteinizing hormone (LH), a hormone needed to cause ovulation. Kisspeptin increases the concentration of LH at all stages of the menstrual cycle, but the effect is greatest in the pre-ovulation phase.
According to Dr. Waljit Dhillo, lead researcher, Kisspeptin has previously been shown to potentially stimulate hormone release in animals. However, this is the first time he has been shown to stimulate the release of sex hormones in women.
We may now see this hormone giving to women who do not have menstruation, those who have irregular cycles or who have menstruation but do not ovulate, he said. He added that one in nine couples was affected by infertility, and this could be one of the treatments.
The researchers say that this new procedure and medical innovation needs to try first in healthy women to determine their tolerance level. Meanwhile, further research will carry out to determine the use of kisspeptin as a treatment for infertility. It is very important for a childlessness couple to approach a professional medical doctor for a fertility test.